While working on a laptop for a short time is fine, using one for longer periods (like the full workday), will not do wonders for your body. However, there are things you can do to improve laptop ergonomics when you work on it for long periods. And, even if you use a desktop with a detached keyboard, mouse, and monitor, you still have to place everything correctly, so you don’t injure yourself. A keyboard that is too high or too low can cause strain in the arms, neck, or shoulders (or all three). The keyboard should be set so that the forearms can maintain a right angle while the user is typing.
The chair is the foundation of your workstation, so it should be the first item you choose or adjust. The ideal chair has plenty of back support, and if it’s not cushioned, add your own pillows. Your feet should rest comfortably on the floor, but using a footrest is fine, too. For some, a standing desk is the ideal combination of work and exercise—without the trip to the gym. One study found that working at a standing desk burns about 88 calories an hour.
So when you sit on the couch to watch TV, you won’t feel like you are at work and enjoy your free time. All this will come out with lower productivity and decreased the quality of the end-products. Knowing how to ergonomically design your home office so you can have good posture, fewer motions, and better reaches, allows injuries and illness rates to be reduced. By being creative and using items around the house for exercise, you can be sure to keep your body moving and your mind sharp.
Instead, your eyes should look on the horizon and hit the top third of the screen. Placing a computer on a stack of books or a laptop stand can do the trick. “The most common time you see injuries, even for healthy workers in a sedentary office job or home setup, is with prolonged sitting,” he says. A common example is when someone’s focused on typing for work from home ergonomics two or three hours, “loading their postures”. All the experts agree that, ideally, a chair should have a height adjustment, to avoid unnecessary muscle strain that causes aching necks and backs. If you can’t afford to buy a proper office chair, Hall says there’s often a spare one somewhere that’s not being used by a friend or neighbour, so ask around.
Your desk should be suitable to have all the stuff you are continually using, as well as to have proper distance from the monitor to your eyes. The top of the monitor should be positioned so it will be just above your eye level, i.e. your vision cone (your eyes should be directed slightly downward) so it won’t cause neck and eye strain. By just putting the computer, the printer and all things that are related to the work and even the favorite coffee mug on some desk in your house doesn’t mean that you will be using them in the right way. It’s of utmost importance to .properly setup the ergonomics in your home office. This will help you in improving your productivity, by minimizing the reaching for stuff and prevent the stress of uncomfortable sitting and injury.